HaiRui (1514 – 1587), born in Qiongshan, Hainan Province, was a Chinese official in the Ming Dynasty. In China, he is remembered as a statesman for his honesty and integrity in office. He has been praised as “海青天” (Hai Qing Tian).

HaiRui was raised by his mother. His father died when he was three.

HaiRui was unsuccessful in the official examinations. His official career only began when he was 36, with a humble position as clerk of eduction in Fujian Province. He gained a reputation for his uncompromising adherence to upright morality, scrupulous honesty, poverty and fairness. This won him widespread popular support but made him many enemies in the bureaucracy. Eventually he submitted a memorial impeaching the Jiajing Emperor himself in 1565 and was imprisoned. He was released after the Emperor died in early 1567.

HaiRui was reappointed under the Longqing Emperor. He was soon forced to resign in 1570 after complaints were made over his overzealous handling of land-tenure issues. He was disappointed and retired to his hometown for the next 15 years. In 1585, he was brought back to the Empire’s “auxiliary capital” of Nanjing to serve under the Wanli Emperor. HaiRui was promoted to censor-in-chief of Nanjing a year later, but passed away in office in the third year of service at the age of 74.

The HaiRui Tomb was originally built in 1589 during the Ming Dynasty, and some of the constructions in the tomb garden remain intact. Today, it is a key cultural relic preservation of Hainan Province.

The HaiRui Tomb is located on 39 Qiuhai Avenue, Longhua, Haikou, Hainan Island, China, 570311. The entrance fee is 10 yuan.

The HaiRui Tomb has become a famous scenic spot in Haikou and is a place worthy of a visit. You will be greeted by the exuberant coconut palms, pines and sweet lotus, which make the tomb garden tranquil, simple. You can view the amazing architecture and also learn more about HaiRui.

I visited the HaiRui Tomb with my wife on 23 December 2014. We spent about 3 hours touring around the tomb garden. I am posting the photographs that we snapped during the visit in this blog. I hope you will enjoy viewing them and at the same time get to know a little about this great statesman.

The Tourist Map of HaiRui Tomb (海瑞墓园游览图)

The Tourist Map of HaiRui Tomb (海瑞墓园游览图)

The Yard of HaiRui Tomb (海瑞墓园)

The Yard of HaiRui Tomb (海瑞墓园)

A high memorial archway stands in front of the main gate to the cemetery. Four big red characters “”粤東正氣” on the archway were horizontally cut in intaglio. These Chinese characters mean “Righteousness in Eastern Guangdong”.
The Stone Arch (石牌坊)

The Stone Arch (石牌坊)

The meaning of the Stone Arch (石牌坊)

The meaning of the Stone Arch (石牌坊)

The Exhibition Hall displays some materials about HaiRui and his handwritings and carved stone. These will help deepen you in the understanding of this outstanding official in Chinese history.

The Exhibition Hall of HaiRui (海瑞陈列馆)

The Exhibition Hall of HaiRui (海瑞陈列馆)

Another Tourist Map of HaiRui Tomb inside the Exhibition Hall (海瑞墓园游览图)

Another Tourist Map of HaiRui Tomb inside the Exhibition Hall (海瑞墓园游览图)

A Portrait of HaiRui (海瑞的画像)

A Portrait of HaiRui (海瑞的画像)

Forward (前言)

Forward (前言)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Inside the Exhibition Hall (列馆内)

Walking to the Monument of Funeral Oration (步行到谕祭碑)

Walking to the Monument of Funeral Oration (步行到谕祭碑)

The passage to the HaiRui Tomb is about 100 meter long. Exuberant coconut trees, pines, bamboo and cypresses shield the cemetery all year round. Many stone sculptures of tiger, sheep, horse, lion and man stand along both sides of this path leading to the tomb.

Stone Tiger (石虎)

Stone Tiger (石虎)

Stone Sheep (石羊)

Stone Sheep (石羊)

Stone Horse (石马)

Stone Horse (石马)

Stone Lion (石狮子)

Stone Lion (石狮子)

Shi Weng Zhong (石翁仲)

Shi Weng Zhong (石翁仲)

The Monument of Funeral Oration for HaiRui (明海忠介公谕祭碑)

The Monument of Funeral Oration for HaiRui (明海忠介公谕祭碑)

Walking forward along the passage way, you can see a stone tortoise carrying a stele on its back.

The Monument of Funeral Oration for HaiRui (明海忠介公谕祭碑)

The Monument of Funeral Oration for HaiRui (明海忠介公谕祭碑)

The Monument of Funeral Oration for HaiRui (明海忠介公谕祭碑)

The Monument of Funeral Oration for HaiRui (明海忠介公谕祭碑)

The Tombstone of HaiRui (海瑞墓主墓碑)

The Tombstone of HaiRui (海瑞墓主墓碑)

The Burial Mound of HaiRui (海瑞墓墓冢)

The Burial Mound of HaiRui (海瑞墓墓冢). The tomb was made from stone.

The Tombstone and Burial Mound of HaiRui (海瑞墓主墓碑及墓冢)

The Tombstone and Burial Mound of HaiRui (海瑞墓主墓碑及墓冢)

The Candlestick HuaBiao (烛台华表), and the Stone Statue of HaiRui (海瑞石雕像)

The Candlestick HuaBiao (烛台华表), and the Stone Statue of HaiRui (海瑞石雕像). Two of the six candlesticks are shown in this photograph.

The Stone Statue of HaiRui (海瑞石雕像)

The Stone Statue of HaiRui (海瑞石雕像)

The Stone Statue of HaiRui (海瑞石雕像)

The Stone Statue of HaiRui (海瑞石雕像)

The Stone Statue of HaiRui (海瑞石雕像)

The Stone Statue of HaiRui (海瑞石雕像)

The Veranda of Incorruptibiity (扬廉轩)

The Veranda of Incorruptibiity (扬廉轩)

The Veranda of Incorruptibiity (扬廉轩)

The Veranda of Incorruptibiity (扬廉轩)

The Veranda of Incorruptibiity (扬廉轩)

The Veranda of Incorruptibiity (扬廉轩)

The Pond of Being Unsoiled (不染池), and the Pavilion of Breeze (清风阁)

The Pond of Being Unsoiled (不染池), and the Pavilion of Breeze (清风阁)

The stories, cultural relics and antiques related to the life experience of HaiRui are exhibited in the Pavilion of Breeze.

The Pond of Being Unsoiled (不染池)

The Pond of Being Unsoiled (不染池). This is a fan-shaped lotus pool.

The Pond of Being Unsoiled (不染池), and the Pavilion of Breeze (清风阁)

The Pond of Being Unsoiled (不染池), and the Pavilion of Breeze (清风阁)

The Pond of Being Unsoiled (不染池)

The Pond of Being Unsoiled (不染池)

Pavilion of Breeze (清风阁)

Pavilion of Breeze (清风阁)

Behind the Pavilion of Breeze is the Octahedron Pavilion (清风阁后面是八方亭)

The garden behind the Pavilion of Breeze. In the background is the Octahedron Pavilion (清风阁后面是八方亭).

The Octahedron Pavilion (八方亭)

The Octahedron Pavilion (八方亭) is a double-eaves pavilion and was built on top of carved stone and man-made hill.

Direction signage (方向标牌)

Direction signage (方向标牌)

Walking up to the Stele Passageway (步行到碑廊)

Walking up to the Stele Passageway (步行到碑廊)

The Stele Passageway (碑廊)

The winding Stele Passageway (碑廊) to the Octahedron Pavilion (八方亭)

 

The Octahedron Pavilion (八方亭)

The Octahedron Pavilion (八方亭)

Behind the Pavilion of Breeze (清风阁后面)

Behind the Pavilion of Breeze (清风阁后面)

Behind the Pavilion of Breeze (清风阁后面)

Behind the Pavilion of Breeze (清风阁后面)

The Octahedron Pavilion (八方亭

The Octahedron Pavilion (八方亭)

The Octahedron Pavilion (八方亭

The Octahedron Pavilion (八方亭)

Behind the Pavilion of Breeze (清风阁后面)

Behind the Pavilion of Breeze (清风阁后面)

Behind the Pavilion of Breeze (清风阁后面)

Behind the Pavilion of Breeze (清风阁后面)

The Gallery of Serial Pictures (连环画廊)

The Gallery of Serial Pictures (连环画廊)

The Gallery of Serial Pictures (连环画廊)

The Gallery of Serial Pictures (连环画廊)

The Gallery of Serial Pictures (连环画廊)

The Gallery of Serial Pictures (连环画廊)

The Gallery of Serial Pictures (连环画廊)

The Gallery of Serial Pictures (连环画廊). HaiRui’s father died when he was three, and he was raised by his mother.

At the end of the Stele Passageway (碑廊的另一端)

At the end of the Stele Passageway (碑廊的另一端)

The entrance ticket

The entrance fee is 10 yuan