The Parable of the Four Soils


Sower of Seeds


3 他用比喻对他们讲许多道理,说,有一个撒种的出去撒种。

4 撒的时候,有落在路旁的,飞鸟来吃尽了。

5 有落在土浅石头地上的。土既不深,发苗最快。

6 日头出来一晒,因为没有根,就枯干了。

7 有落在荆棘里的。荆棘长起来,把它挤住了。

8 又有落在好土里的,就结实,有一百倍的,有六十倍的,有三十倍的。

9 有耳可听的,就应当听。




  • 硬地上在“路旁”的防止种子发芽,而种子比鸟食而已。
  • 土浅石头地上提供足够的土壤,种子发芽,并开始增长,但因为“土既不深”的植物不生根发芽,很快被太阳一晒就枯萎了。
  • 荆棘的地使种子生长,但荆棘也长起来,把发芽的植物挤住了。
  • 好土收到种子,并结实了。


  • 撒种撒神的话语。
  • 飘落在“路旁”的种子代表那些听到神的话语的人,但并不了解它,因为他们都没为话语准备好。这话语从他们的耳朵拔出了 – 像鸟儿吃了撒在硬地上的种子。
  • 飘落在“土浅石头地上”的种子代表那些听到神的话语的人,但只接受浅,当故障发生时,他们的信心迅速消失 – 就像生长在“土既不深”的植物,它们没有根而当太阳升起来了,他们不攻自破和消亡。
  • 飘落在“荆棘的地”的种子代表那些听到神的话语的人,似乎接受它,但允许这个世界上的东西,比如财富,快乐和私欲,呛了他们 – 像刺扼杀小植物。
  • 飘落在“好土”的种子代表那些听到神的话语的人,真正了解它,使它结实。

Jesus used many illustrations, or parables, when speaking to the crowds to explain spiritual truth. This method of telling parables compels the listener to think. In this blog, I am sharing His parable of the four soils.

Matthew 13:3-9

3 And he spake many things unto them in parables, saying, Behold, a sower went forth to sow;

4 And when he sowed, some seeds fell by the way side, and the fowls came and devoured them up:

5 Some fell upon stony places, where they had not much earth: and forthwith they sprung up, because they had no deepness of earth:

6 And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away.

7 And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprung up, and choked them:

8 But other fell into good ground, and brought forth fruit, some an hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold.

9 Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.

This parable can also be found in Mark 4:1-9 and Luke 8:4-8.

Seeds were sowed by hand. In the Parable of the Four Soils, as the farmer (sower) walked across the field, he threw handfuls of seeds onto the ground from a big bag slung across his shoulders. The plants did not grow in neat rows as with today’s machine planting. No matter how skilful, no farmer could keep some of his seeds from falling “by the way side”, from being scattered among “stony places” (rocks) and thorns, or from being carried off by the wind. He threw the seeds liberally, however, and enough fell on “good ground” to ensure the harvest.

The sower scatters his seeds in four types of ground (soils).

  • The hard ground “by the way side” prevents the seed from sprouting at all, and the seed becomes nothing more than bird food.
  • The stony ground provides enough soil for the seeds to germinate and begin to grow, but because there is “no deepness of earth”, the plants do not take root and are soon withered in the sun.
  • The thorny ground allows the seeds to grow, but the competing thorns choke the life out of the beneficial plants.
  • The good ground receives the seed and produces much fruit.

Let’s take a look at the explanation by Jesus.

The sower sows the Word.

  • The seeds falling “by the way side” represent those who hear the Word but do not understand it because they are not ready for it. The Word is plucked out from their ears – like the birds eating up the seeds sown on the hard ground.
  • The seeds falling on “stony ground” represent those who hear the Word, but only accept it shallowly, and when trouble arises, their faith quickly disappear – like plants that grow in stony ground, they do not have roots and when the sun is up, they are scotched and withered away.
  • The seeds falling on “thorny ground” represent those who hear the Word, and seem to receive it, but allows the things of this world, such as riches, pleasure and lusts, to choke them – like thorns smother little plants.
  • The seeds falling on “good ground” represent those who hear the Word and truly understand it, causing it to bear fruit.


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